Hardwood Log and Lumber Imports and Exports

Hardwood Log Exports

Figure 1 shows hardwood log imports into the United States. As with softwood logs, Canada is by far the largest supplier of hardwood logs—though this is a small percentage of the total log volume processed in the US.

Figure 1. US Hardwood Log Imports

Source: US Department of Commerce


Canada is also the largest supplier of hardwood lumber to the US (Figure 2.

Figure 2. US Hardwood Lumber Imports

Source: US Department of Commerce


Figure 3 shows US hardwood log exports. Canada is a major destination, but China became very important during the Great Recession and remained so until the tariff war began in 2018 when they decreased for a while. Most tariffs were removed in 2020 and volumes to China have increased since then.

Figure 3. US Hardwood Log Exports

Source: US Department of Commerce


US hardwood lumber exports to China also rose sharply during the Great Recession and fell during the tariff war (Figure 4). Unlike with logs, however, lumber exports have not rebounded

Figure 4. US Hardwood Lumber Exports

Source: US Department of Commerce

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